Parotid enlargement (also known as parotidomegaly) has a wide differential given the significant breadth of pathology that can affect the parotid gland. These can be separated by the standard surgical sieve approach into infective, inflammatory, immune, neoplastic, infiltrative, and congenital causes.
- cat-scratch fever
- HIV parotitis
- parotid abscess secondary to acute bacterial sialadenitis (acute parotitis)
See also: salivary gland tumours
- malignant primary tumour