Stevens Johnson syndrome

Assoc Prof Craig Hacking and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute inflammatory skin condition. 

Terminology

SJS is on a spectrum of disease with toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome (TENS) at the more severe end. Terminology depends on how much of the body surface area is involved 1,2:

  • SJS: <10%
  • SJS-TENS overlap: 10-30%
  • TENS: >30%

Epidemiology

SJS is very rare, with an incidence of 1-2 per 1,000,000 3

Pathology

Stevens Johnson syndrome is thought to be triggered by preceding viral infection or more commonly medication use (e.g. NSAIDs, antibiotics, anticonvulsants). Skin and mucosal surface (e.g. gastrointestinal, genital, conjunctival) with blistering and shedding is characteristic 1-3.

Article information

rID: 42135
Section: Syndromes
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome (TENS)
  • toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome
  • Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)

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