Traumatic spinal cord injury

Case contributed by Dr Bruno Di Muzio


Fall from a horse. Neck pain and paresthesia.

Patient Data

Age: 72-year-old
Gender: Female

CT Cervical spine

Undisplaced fractures of the C1 posterior arch without involvement of the transverse foramina.

Fracture through the base of the dens with approximately 2.8 mm posterior displacement of the dens about the body of C2. Minimally displaced fracture of the C2 spinous process.

Minor widening of the right lateral atlanto-dens interval is likely related to patient's head position turned to the left.

Normal facet joint alignment is maintained.

No bony narrowing of the central canal. Prevertebral soft tissue stranding at C1 and C2.


MRI Cervical spine

High T2 signal at the C1 level of the spinal cord is consistent with traumatic edema. Spinal canal remains capacious. Diffuse edema within the ligamentum nuchae and prevertebral region. 

Acute T2 and T3 compression fractures with minor collapse.

Odontoid fracture has features suggesting synchronicity. 

Case Discussion

This case illustrates acute cervical spine trauma with a hyperflexion mechanism showing multiple fractures and acute spinal cord injury characterized by focal edema and swelling. 

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Case information

rID: 45154
Published: 11th Jul 2016
Last edited: 14th Aug 2019
Tag: rmh
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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