Endobronchial tuberculosis

Last revised by Dr David Luong on 12 Jul 2021

Endobronchial tuberculosis is an infection along the bronchial walls +/- involvement of the lumen by tuberculosis. It may affect any part of the bronchial tree. It can occur with other forms of pulmonary tuberculosis and occurrence on its own is considered rare 1.

It may affect any layer of the tracheobronchial wall including the lamina muscularis and cartilage. Pathological changes include:

  • mucosal and submucosal tuberculous infiltration
  • ulcerations
  • granuloma formation
  • fibroplasias
  • tracheobronchial stenosis

In additional to other classical features of tuberculosis, CT features include:

Recognized complications include:

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