Hydropneumothorax is a term given to the concurrent presence of a pneumothorax as well as a hydrothorax (i.e. air and fluid) in the pleural space.

It may arise in various situations which include

On an erect chest radiograph, recognition of hydropneumothorax can be rather easy - and is classically shown as an air-fluid level. On the supine radiograph, this may be more challenging where a sharp pleural line is bordered by increased opacity lateral to it within the pleural space may sometimes suggest towards the diagnosis 3,4

Sonographic findings include 7;

For an air-fluid level on plain film consider

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Article information

rID: 17362
System: Chest
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Hydro-pneumothorax
  • Hydropneumothoraces

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