Intervertebral disc vacuum phenomena

Vacuum phenomena involving the intervertebral discs are a result of accumulation of gas (principally nitrogen) within the crevices of the intervertebral discs or adjacent vertebrae.

It is a common occurrence which can be observed in 1-3% of spinal radiographs and may even reach a prevalence of 20% in elderly individuals 5.

This commonly occurs in association with intervertebral disc degenerative disease.

Having said this, the presence of gas does not categorically imply merely degenerative disc disease, as other processes can lead to discs containing gas. Examples of other conditions with gas includes:

It was first described by Magnusson in 1937 5.

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Article Information

rID: 23965
Tags: stub, cases, spine
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Intervertebral disc vacuum phenomenon
  • Vacuum phenomena involving the intervertebral disc
  • Vacuum phenomena involving the intervertebral discs
  • Intradiscal vacuum phenomena

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