Shred sign (lungs)

The shred sign, also known as the fractal sign, is a static sonographic sign of lung consolidation. Consolidated lung tissue appears as a subpleural hypoechoic region that has an irregular (shredded) deep border (fractal line) abutting normally aerated lung, which has echogenic artifacts.

This sign is not seen in massive translobar consolidation, where it is more difficult to appreciate the deeper border of the lung. It has a high sensitivity and specificity.

Article information

rID: 30808
System: Chest
Section: Signs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Fractal sign

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