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Sporotrichosis is a rare chronic fungal infection.
Sporotrichosis is caused by a dimorphic fungus Sporothrix spp.:
Sporothrix schenckii: considered the most common and can affect the respiratory system
It commonly affects the skin but can rarely affect extracutaneous sites such as
lung: pulmonary sporotrichosis 2
bones: musculoskeletal sporotrichosis
joints: sporotrichal arthritis
In immunocompromised hosts, the infection can disseminate hematogenously to affect other organ systems (e.g. central nervous system).