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The large and small bowel are within normal limits.The appendix arises from the inferior aspect of the high riding cecum and is mildly thickened with mild surrounding fat stranding. It courses laterally to the abdominal wall. No free fluid or free gas. No intra-abdominal collection.
Markedly atrophic left kidney (the patient is on haemodialysis). Simple cyst at the midpole of the right kidney. Right perinephric stranding and a region of loss of corticomedullary differentiation anteriorly.
The liver, spleen, adrenals, pancreas and gallbladder are unremarkable. Prominent retroperitoneal lymph nodes however these are not enlarged according to size criteria.
Intrauterine device (Mirena) in an anteverted fibroid uterus. In the left anterior aspect of the peritoneal cavity is a curved radiodense structure in keeping with a Lippe's loop (old version of IUD). No surrounding fat stranding. This raises the possibility of previous uterine perforation.
The lungs bases are clear. No suspicious osseous lesions.
- Right pyelonephritis. Urinalysis was positive for E.coli UTI.
- Mild appendiceal thickening and enlargement may reflect early appendicitis.
- Intra-abdominal Lippe's loop (IUD) in keeping with previous uterine perforation or erosion. The patient reports that it was inserted 30 years ago and has recently been described as lost following uteroscopy, prompting insertion of the Mirena IUD.