Coxa valga

Dr Dan J Bell and Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

Coxa valga describes a deformity of the hip where there is an increased angle between the femoral neck and femoral shaft. 

Coxa valga is often associated with shallow acetabular angles and femoral head subluxation. 

Coxa valga occurs when the angle formed between the neck of the femur and its shaft (also known as the caput-collum-diaphyseal (CCD) angle or the femoral angle of inclination) is increased beyond >140º. Normal is between 125-135º in adults, but can be 20-25º greater at birth and 10º greater in children. When the angle is <120º, this is considered coxa vara.

Femoral anteversion and rotation can affect measurement accuracy and should be considered when measuring angles. 

Coxa valga can be associated with genu varum and lead to increased stress and early degenerative changes in the medial compartment of the knee.

Coxa valga can be treated with varus derotation osteotomy (VDRO) and angled blade-plate fixation 2

Share article

Article information

rID: 16757
Section: Signs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Coxa valgus
  • Coxa valga deformity

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Drag
    Figure 1: coxa vara and coxa valga deformities
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Coxa valga
    Case 1
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 2
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 3: with chronic hip subluxation
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.
    Loadinganimation

    Alert accept

    Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

    Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.