Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (summary)

Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Jeremy Jones et al.
This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists

Gastric-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a spectrum of disease that occurs when gastric acid refluxes into the lower oesophagus

Reference article

This is a summary article; read more in our article on gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

  • anatomy
  • epidemiology
    • prevalence >10% in most regions
  • presentation
    • recurrent heartburn/reflux symptoms
  • pathophysiology
    • risk factors include obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption
    • GORD is a risk factor for Barretts oesophagus and oesophageal cancer
  • investigation
    • endoscopy is the key test in the assessment of GORD
    • there is no role for radiological imaging
  • treatment
    • lifestyle measures
    • anti-reflux medication

Endoscopy is the mainstay for investigation of GORD. Radiology does not have a part to play in the standard assessment of GORD.

CT is not helpful in the diagnosis of GORD although it may be used in the assessment of patients with chest and abdominal pain. A normal CT does not exclude all pathology.

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Article information

rID: 49991
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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