Gliomatosis cerebri

Case contributed by Dr Ahmed Abd Rabou

Presentation

Epileptic fits.

Patient Data

Age: 40-year-old
Gender: Male
MRI

Left temporal subcortical ill defined lesion that blurs the grey/white matter junction of the medial temporal lobe and doesn't cause any mass effect or any cortical destruction. It displays slightly low signal in T1 and bright signal in T2 and FLAIR without significant enhancement in post contrast study. The lesion exhibits bright signal in DWI and ADC suggesting T2 shine through effect and excludes recent infarction.

Diagnosis: Gliomatosis cerebri

Case Discussion

The differential includes viral (herpes) encephalitis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), lymphoma, demyelination and infarction. The patient underwent craniotomy and biopsy by which the diagnosis of gliomatosis cerebri WHO grade III was made.

 

Importantly, whereas gliomatosis was previously considered a distinct entity, since the 2016 update to the WHO classification of CNS tumours it is now merely thought of as a growth pattern.

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Case information

rID: 24489
Case created: 20th Aug 2013
Last edited: 9th Jul 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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