Bariatric intragastric balloon therapy is a relatively new form of bariatric surgery, which involves balloons being inflated inside the lumen of the stomach. The balloons reside in the stomach and the mechanism of action is presumably due to stretching the stomach, inducing postprandial fullness, although it has also been proposed that the mechanism of action may be delayed gastric emptying 3.
There are a number of different types of balloons, all of which assist in weight loss 1, albeit possibly not more than conventional management 2.
- 1. Saber AA, Shoar S, Almadani MW et-al. Efficacy of First-Time Intragastric Balloon in Weight Loss: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Obes Surg. doi:10.1007/s11695-016-2296-8 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Fernandes M, Atallah AN, Soares BG et-al. Intragastric balloon for obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; (1): CD004931. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004931.pub2 - Pubmed citation
- 3. Gómez V, Woodman G, Abu Dayyeh BK. Delayed gastric emptying as a proposed mechanism of action during intragastric balloon therapy: Results of a prospective study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016; . doi:10.1002/oby.21555 - Pubmed citation