Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage

Dr Bruno Di Muzio and Dr Ian Bickle et al.

Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, also knwon as percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD), is an interventional radiology procedure undertaken for those with biliary obstruction. 

It is almost exclusively performed in those with a malignant obstruction, such as cholangiocarcinoma, ampullary and pancreatic malignancies when retrograde access via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is not amenable.

It is commonly undertaken as part of a palliative biliary stent insertion. Rarely, it is used in the treatment of benign strictures.

Interventional procedures

Article information

rID: 38825
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD)

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Cases and figures

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