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At the time the article was created Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
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Hernias (or herniae) are a common pathological entity, in which an anatomical structure passes into an abnormal location via an opening.
The opening may be a normal physiological aperture (e.g. hiatus hernia: stomach passes through the diaphragmatic esophageal hiatus) or pathological. Iatrogenic herniae also occur, e.g. port site hernia, incisional hernia, etc.