Congenital cardiovascular anomalies

Congenital cardiovascular anomalies are relatively common, with an incidence of up to 1% if small muscular VSDs are included. As a group, there is a much greater frequency in syndromic infants and in those that are stillborn. 

Pathology

These defects as a group have a heterogeneous aetiology with many resulting from an interplay between both genetic and environmental factors.

Subtypes

A list of anomalies and their approximate frequencies are given below:

Other valvular anomalies

Percentages may not necessary add up to a 100 due to overlap and simultaneous occurrence of abnormalities.

Associations

Congenital cardiac anomalies can be found with many aneuploidic conditions which include:

Congenital heart disease

There is more than one way to present the variety of congenital heart diseases. Whichever way they are categorised, it is helpful to have a working understanding of normal and fetal circulation, as well as an understanding of the segmental approach to imaging in congenital heart disease.

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Article Information

rID: 1159
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Congenital cardiac abnormalities
  • Congenital cardiac anomalies
  • Congenital cardiovascular anomalies

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Cases and Figures

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    Ebstein anomaly
    Case 1: Ebstein anomaly
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    Case 2: ventricular septal defect
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    Case 3: atrioventricular septal defect
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    Tetralogy of Fall...
    Case 4: tetralogy of Fallot
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    ASD
    Case 5: atrial septal defect
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    TGA
    Case 6: transposition of great arteries
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    Abnormal curvilne...
    Case 7: PAPVR (Scimitar syndrome)
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    Case 8: TAPVR
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