Goitre

Goitre refers to enlargement of the thyroid gland. It can occur from multiple conditions.

The definition of a goitre depends on age and sex; below are the upper limits of normal for thyroid gland volume 1:

  • adult males: 25 mL
  • adult females: 18 mL
  • 13-14 years: 8-10 mL
  • 3-4 years: 3 mL
  • neonate: 0.8-1.5 mL

The prevalence of goitre varies widely depending on the level of iodine deficiency. In severely iodine deficient areas the prevalence may be as a high as 80%. Goitre is more common in women (M:F = 1:4) and incidence declines with age 5.

The thyroid gland may become so enlarged that it becomes a substernal goitre.

The cause of goitre is diverse 2,3:

Goitre derives from the old French "goitron" meaning gullet. Goitron comes from the Latin "guttur" meaning "throat.

See main article: midline neck mass

Share article

Article information

rID: 32226
System: Head & Neck
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Goiter
  • Goiters
  • Goitres

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Drag
    Case 1: multinodular goitre
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 2: nodular Graves' disease
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 3: Hashimoto thyroiditis
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 4: multinodular goitre
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 5
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 6
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 7: retrosternal
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 8
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.
    Loadinganimation

    Alert accept

    Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

    Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.