Arterial supply of the lower limb

Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Omar Bashir et al.

The arterial supply of the lower limbs is via vessels arising from the external iliac artery

The common femoral artery (CFA) is the direct continuation of the external iliac artery. It begins at the level of the inguinal ligament. It terminates as it gives off the profunda femoris and continues as the superficial femoral artery (SFA). 

The popliteal artery is the direct continuation of the SFA in the adductor canal. The popliteal artery terminates into the anterior tibial artery and the tibioperoneal trunk

The anterior tibial artery passes through the interosseous membrane to reach the anterior compartment of the leg. It continues to the dorsum of the foot as the dorsalis pedis artery. 

The tibioperoneal trunk divides into the posterior tibial and peroneal arteries. The posterior tibial artery passes downwards and behind the medial malleolus. It divides into medial and lateral plantar arteries

Anatomy: Lower limb
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Article information

rID: 17108
System: Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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