External jugular vein

Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The external jugular vein (EJV) drains the head, face and part of the pectoral region.

Gross anatomy

Origin and course

The posterior division of the retromandibular vein and posterior auricular vein unite to form the external jugular vein at the angle of the mandible. It courses inferiorly in the subcutaneous anterolateral neck, deep to platysma but superficial to sternocleidomastoid, before piercing the deep cervical fascia, normally posterior to the clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, to drain into the subclavian vein.

Tributaries

A handy mnemonic to recall these is PAST.

Head and neck anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 24266
Section: Anatomy
Tags: cases, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • External jugular vein (EJV)
  • External jugular veins

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1: head and neck veins
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