Ulnar artery

The ulnar artery is a terminal branch of the brachial artery, arising at the proximal aspect of the forearm. Along with the radial artery, it is one of the main arteries of the forearm. 

Summary

  • origin: terminal branch of the brachial artery
  • location: inferior aspect of the cubital fossa
  • supply: elbow joint, medial and central forearm muscles, median and ulnar nerves, and common flexor sheath
  • main branches: anterior and posterior ulnar recurrent arteries, common interosseous, palmar carpal arch, superficial palmar arch, and dorsal carpal branch

Gross anatomy

Origin

The ulnar artery arises as a large terminal branch of the brachial artery at the inferior aspect of the cubital fossa 1.

Course

The ulnar artery courses along the ulnar aspect of the forearm deep to the flexor muscles. It then enters the hand after passing through the Guyon canal (ulnar canal) located between the pisiform and the hook of hamate. It then divides into its terminal branches at the carpal region of the hand 1

Branches

The main branches of the ulnar artery include the anterior and posterior ulnar recurrent arteries, the common interosseous, the palmar carpal arch, the superficial palmar arch, and the dorsal carpal branch 1.

Termination

The ulnar artery terminates at the hand via its branches; the palmar carpal arch, the superficial palmar arch, and the dorsal carpal branch 1

Supply

The ulnar artery supplies the periarticular anastamoses of the elbow via the anterior and posterior ulnar recurrent arteries. It also supplies the medial and central forearm muscles, the median and ulnar nerves, and the common flexor sheath 1.

Upper limb anatomy
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Article information

rID: 48482
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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