Pancreatoblastoma

Pancreatoblastomas are rare paediatric tumours of the pancreas. However, they are the most common pancreatic neoplasm of childhood and are often associated with a raised alpha-fetoprotein.

There is slight male predilection. Usually occurs in the first decade of life with a mean age of 4.5 years 3.

Pancreatoblastoma are a solid tumour, flesh-coloured on gross pathology. They can occur in any part of the pancreas 4

Metastatic lesions in liver and lymphadenopathy has been reported in 35% of cases 3.

Associations
Ultrasound

They are usually large, well defined, heterogengous mass with solid and multilocular cystic areas that contain hyperechoic septae. Dilatation of biliary duct is not common as the tumors themselves are soft, though they are frequently large at presentation 3.

CT
  • usually relatively well defined and heterogenous due to solid and multilocular cystic components with enhancing septae
  • may demonstrate fine calcifications, similar to those seen in neuroblastoma
  • most often occurs in the head of the pancreas and tend to be large and solitary, though dilatation of bile duct is uncommon
  • hepatic metastases: hypodense
  • less frequently, invasion of adjacent structures and biliary tree may be noted
MRI
  • T1: low-intermediate signal intensity
  • T2: heterogenous hyperintense

Has a better prognosis than adult pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Pancreatic pathology
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Article information

rID: 1833
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Pancreatoblastomas

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