Accessory appendicular artery
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Abhinav Ranwaka had no recorded disclosures.View Abhinav Ranwaka's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
The accessory appendicular artery, also known as the artery of Seshachalam, is a branch of the posterior cecal artery. It arises from the ileocolic artery, and runs in the mesoappendix.
The exact prevalence of this accessory artery and its impact upon the risk of appendicitis varies among studies.
History and etymology
Accessory appendiceal arteries were described as early as 1905 3,4. A prominent Indian surgeon, T Sheshachalam, also described the appendiceal vascularization, including accessory appendiceal arteries, in 1930 5, and so the vessel sometimes bears his name (anecdotally it is most commonly found in the Indian medical literature).
- 1. Banerjee A, Kumar IA, Tapadar A, Pranay. M. Morphological Variations in the Anatomy of Caecum and Appendix - A Cadaveric Study. www.scopemed.org/?mno= [Access: October 06, 2014].
- 2. Bailey & Love's Short Practice of Surgery 26E. CRC Press. ISBN:1444121278. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Kulkarni, Umesh K., and Deepali U. Kulkarni. "Variations in arterial supply of Vermiform appendix." IJAV 4 (2011): 52-54. Pulsus.com
- 4. Kelly HA, Hurdon E. Types of Appendiceal Arteries. In: The Vermiform Appendix and Its Diseases. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders. 1905; 189. Archive.org
- 5. Seshachalam T, Gorur SR. The Arterial Supply of the Appendix: From the Department of Anatomy, University Medical College, Mysore. (1930) The Indian medical gazette. 65 (12): 693-694. Pubmed