Gluteus medius muscle

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Geon Oh et al.

The gluteus medius and gluteus minimus muscles are two muscles of the more superficial group in the gluteal region.

  • origin: gluteal surface of the ilium between the posterior and anterior gluteal line
  • insertion: superoposterior and lateral facets of the greater trochanter of femur
  • arterial supplysuperior gluteal artery
  • innervationsuperior gluteal nerve
  • action
    • abducts femur at hip joint
    • holds pelvis secure over stance leg and prevents pelvic drop on the opposite swing side during walking
    • medially rotates thigh
  • bursa: separating the upper part of the lateral surface of the greater trochanter from the tendon 
  • antagonist: adductors
  • variants: may join the insertion of the piriformis
Anatomy: Lower limb

Anatomy: Lower limb

Article information

rID: 44240
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Gluteus medius tendon
  • Gluteus medius

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