Anterior inferior iliac spine avulsion injury

Dr Henry Knipe and R Bronson et al.

Anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) avulsion injuries are one of the six main types of pelvic apophyseal avulsion fractures. Subacute or chronic avulsion injuries can be mistaken for a pseudotumour. 

As with many pelvic avulsion injuries, they most often occur in adolescents (mostly between the ages 14-17). There is a slight male predilection and they tend to occur most often in sports involving kicking.

The straight head of the rectus femoris muscle originates from the AIIS and forceful extension at the hip joint can lead to an avulsion injury at this point. The mechanism is one of forced hip extension with the knee in flexion 4.

The avulsed bony fragment may not be as obvious on the AP radiograph as on oblique projections.

Almost all cases are managed conservatively.

Fractures
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Article information

rID: 909
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • AIIS injury
  • AIIS avulsion injury
  • AIIS avulsion
  • AIIS avulsion fracture
  • Anterior inferior iliac spine avulsion
  • Anterior inferior iliac spine avulsion fracture

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    Case 7: subacute (pseudotumour appearance)
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