Pipkin femoral head fracture classification

Pipkin classification is the most commonly used classification for femoral head fractures, which are uncommon but are associated with hip dislocations.

Classification

  • type I: fracture distal to the fovea capitis, a small fracture not involving the weightbearing surface
  • type II: fracture proximal to the fovea capitis, a large fracture involving the weightbearing surface
  • type III: type I or II fracture with a fracture of the femoral neck, has an increased risk of avascular necrosis
  • type IV: type I or II fracture with a fracture of the acetabular wall, usually the posterior wall
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Article Information

rID: 31193
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Pipkin classification of femoral head fractures

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Cases and Figures

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    Case 1: Pipkin type I
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    Pipkin type-IV fr...
    Case 2: Pipkin type IV
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    Case 3: Pipkin type IV
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