Occipital artery

The occipital artery, a posterior branch of the external carotid artery, opposite the external maxillary, near the lower margin of the posterior belly of the digastic muscle, and ends in the posterior part of the scalp.

Summary
  • origin: branch of the external carotid artery at the level of the posterior belly of digastric muscle
  • course: ascends posteriorly towards the occiput
  • branches
    • sternocleidomastoid branch
    • auricular branch
    • mastoid branch
    • descending branches
    • occipital branches
  • termination: scalp over occipital bone
  • key relationships: terminal portion accompanied by the greater occipital nerve
Head and neck anatomy
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Article information

rID: 4642
Section: Anatomy
Tags: refs, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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Cases and figures

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    Schematic : branches of the external carotid artery
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    Schematic : branches of the carotid
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