Palatopharyngeus muscle

Dr Ian Bickle and Dr Owen Kang et al.

The palatopharyngeus is a muscle of the head and neck, and one of the inner longitudinal muscles of the pharynx. It is also referred to as one of the five paired muscles of the soft palate.  The paired muscles create ridges of mucous membrane in the lateral pharyngeal wall called the palatopharyngeal arches.

Origin

The palatopharyngeus is made up of two fasciculi attached to the superior surface of the palatine aponeurosis. The anterior fasciculus has fibres which additionally originate from the posterior border of the hard palate. The posterior fasciculus joins the posterior band of the contralateral palatopharyngeus muscle in the midline.

Insertion

The fasciculi unite at the level of the soft palate. It courses inferolaterally posterior to the tonsil and descends to attach to the posterior border of the thyroid cartilage.

The muscle receives motor innervation from the cranial portion of the accessory nerve (CN XI). This occurs via the pharyngeal plexus with branches from the vagus nerve (CN X) and glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX).

  • elevation of the larynx and pharynx
  • deglutition
Head and neck anatomy
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Article information

rID: 52314
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Palatopharyngeal arch

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