Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The axilla is a space located between the upper limb and the neck and thorax, which permits the passage of the major neurovascular structures.

Gross anatomy

The axilla is pyramidal in shape with its apex opening superiorly into the base of the neck between the subclavius muscle, first rib and the clavicle. The base/floor is composed of tough axillary fascia, which extends between the chest wall (at the level of the 4th rib), arm and the posterior boundary. The intercostobrachial nerve supplies the skin of the axilla.


The axilla has an abundance of fat, which contains the following structures: 

A safe technique for insertion of intercostal catheters describes anatomical landmarks involving the axilla and a 'triangle of safety'.

Anatomy: Upper limb
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Article information

rID: 24697
Section: Anatomy
Tag: axilla, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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