Posterior pituitary

A.Prof Frank Gaillard and Dr Craig Hacking et al.

The posterior pituitary (also known as neurohypophysis) is a direct extension from the hypothalamus and does not synthesize any hormones, but rather releases oxytocin and ADH (vasopressin) which has traveled down the infundibulum in vesicles termed Herring bodies. The cell bodies reside into hypothalamic nuclei: 

The infundibular stalk is also considered part of the neurohypophysis and extends from the tuber cinereum and pierces the diaphragma sellae before being surrounded by the pars tuberalis of the anterior pituitary.  

For relations and blood supply, please see the main pituitary gland article here.

Anatomy: Brain
Share article

Article information

rID: 49865
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • neurohypophysis

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: posterior pituitary
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.