T2 weighted image

Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

T2 weighted image (T2WI) is one of the basic pulse sequences in MRI. The sequence weighting highlights differences in the T2 relaxation time of tissues.

Summary

  • TR: long
  • TE: long
  • flip angle: less important than with T1 weighting
  • fat: intermediate-bright
  • fluid: bright

Physics

A T2WI relies upon the transverse relaxation (also known as "spin-spin" relaxation) of the net magnetisation vector (NMV). T2 weighting tends to require long TE and TR times.

One way to think about T2 relaxation is as follows:

  • after an RF excitation pulse, there is relaxation of the spins from the transverse plane toward the main longitudinal magnetic vector (B0) - this is T1 weighting
  • at the same time, spins are decaying from their aligned precession in the transverse plane - differences in this decay are captured in T2 weighting

The amount of T2 decay a tissue experiences depends on multiple factors. Each tissue has an inherent T2 value, but external factors (such as magnetic field inhomogeneity) can increase the T2 relaxation time. This additional effect is captured in T2*. The refocusing pulse in spin-echo sequences helps to mitigate these extraneous influences on the T2 relaxation time, trying to keep the image T2 weighted rather than T2* weighted.

Paramagnetic contrast agents (e.g. gadolinium-containing compounds) do not cause the same bright tissue contrast as they do on T1WI. Gadolinium shortens T2 relaxation time and actually results in hypointense signal.

If the TE is extended out over a very long time, only tissues with a very long T2 relaxation time will retain signal. This is the basis of MRCP.

MRI physics
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Article information

rID: 6345
Tag: refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • T2WI
  • T2W
  • T2
  • Fluid-sensitive sequence

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Cases and figures

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    Case 1: normal brain T2WI
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    Case 2: normal pelvis T2WI
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    Case 3: T2WI showing arachnoid cyst
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