Caval variants

Many caval abnormalities exist, due to the complex embryology of the venous system. These are important for a number of reasons: 

  • not to confuse them with pathology
  • suggest the presence of frequently associated other abnormalities
  • planning of vascular intervention or surgery

Types


Thoracic anatomy
Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 1061
System: Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Anomalies of the superior and inferior vena cava
  • Caval variations
  • Caval abnormalities

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1
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    Left sided SVC
    Case 1: left sided superior vena cava
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    Svc Left
    Case 2: duplicated superior vena cava
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    Case 3: duplication of the inferior vena cava
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    B105 001
    Case 4: left sided inferior vena cava
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    Case 5: azygous continuation of IVC
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    Case 6: retrocaval ureter
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    Duplicated left s...
    Case 7: duplication of the inferior vena cava
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