Prosthetic heart valve

Dr Ian Bickle et al.

Prosthetic heart valves are common. The four valves of the heart may all be surgically replaced. However, aortic and mitral valves are the most commonly replaced.

Replacements may be tissue or metallic valves, only the latter being visualised on imaging investigations. Sometimes the annulus alone is replaced as seen in annuloplasty rings.

In recent times, aortic valves in select circumstances are being replaced via a transcatheter approach, called a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) from a femoral artery approach.

See also

Chest x-ray
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Article information

rID: 27742
Systems: Chest, Cardiac
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Heart valve replacement
  • Prosthetic heart valves
  • Heart valve replacements
  • Prosthetic cardiac valves
  • Heart valve prosthesis
  • Heart valve prostheses
  • Artifical valve

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Cases and figures

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    Case 1: tricuspid valve prosthe
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    Case 2: aortic: transcatheter
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    Case 3: TAVI
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    Case 4: MVR
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    Case 5: AVR and MVR
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    Case 6: pulmonary valve
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    Case 7: aortic valve replacement
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    Case 8: mitral valve replacement
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    Case 9: tricuspid and pulmonary
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    Case 10: MVR and AVR
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    Case 11: Starr Edwards valve
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    Case 12: tricuspid valve replacement
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    Case 13: MVR illustrated by inverting the image contrast
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    Post percutaneous...
    Case 14: Melody pulmonary valve
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    Case 15: C-ring annuloplasty
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